Thursday, May 21, 2020
Sexuality and Gender Relationship Values in Young Adulthood Michelle Moreno Union Institute and University Human Growth and Development CPM 506 Dr. Andrew Vengrove August 16, 2014 Abstract This scholarly paper focuses on sexuality and relationship values in young adulthood. It will draw mostly on the relationship values of gender, marriage, and sexual orientation. Other than for procreation, very little research has been done that has not involved western cultures. Because of this lack of knowledge, this paper mainly focuses on the research that has been conducted in the West. The focus of sexuality in the West is much more liberal and is not so much concerned with procreation but rather on connecting two individuals who areÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The traditional sense of a union between young adults is to encourage sexual relations is to have children. In the West, sexual activity in young adulthood is less focused on continuing the bloodline. Conversely, an active sex life is considered to be central for supporting the intimacy of the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s union as well as their mutual enjoyment and pleasure. Ã¢â¬Å"Extensive research in the West reports that sexual enjoyment between young adult couples promotes as well as reflects emotional closeness in their relationshipÃ¢â¬ (Arnett, p. 487, 2012). Are there any differences in how relationship values are viewed by gender and/or sexual identity? This paper will present various studies to further explore relationship values in the context of gender and sexuality. Relationship Values Recent decades have brought significant social changes in the industrialized West that may influence young adults attitudes about intimate relationships (Meier, Hull Ortyl, 2009). According to a Meier, Hull, and Ortyl (2009) research, it was discovered that the majority of young adults lean toward the dominant relationship values intrinsic in an ideology of romance and love. However, they also discovered that there are conservative but significant differences by gender and sexual orientation of the individual in relationship values. In their study, it was also discovered that significant interactions demonstrated either from gender
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Like the boundaries on earth, mankind has always looked to the sky in awe for it seemed boundless in its ever growing horizon. Out of all the cosmos thatÃ¢â¬â¢s being found and discovered every day, there is one object that stands to elude scientists still, the black hole. Albert Einstein, and all the brilliant scientists after his, help to design and create a part of the universe thatÃ¢â¬â¢s very crucial to understanding existence. The perimeters of a black hole have been a great this that has been discussed and observed to the point where it eventually becomes clear as its compared to objects around or like it. The physics of the black holes existence is still unclear for it shows properties that support EinsteinÃ¢â¬â¢s theory and quantum mechanics,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦(Clegg, Brian) Karl Schwarzschild found a solution to EinsteinÃ¢â¬â¢s theory, if enough matter was packed in to a small region of space, he said, it should have a strong enough gravitational field that even light couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t escape it. Roy Kerr stated that the bigger the star, the greater the Ã¢â¬ËdragÃ¢â¬â¢ on the space-time around it. But later his equations were looked at again and it was shown that this theory would be applied to black holes. 1971, an x-ray satellite, Uhuru, had spotted a flicking that was shown by a binary star system of a white supergiant and a black hole. The black hole was taking the gas that was being emitted by the white supergiant and while the gas spiraled in to it, spurts of gas were ripped from the faster then the speed of light. Stephen Hawking shows that black holes may not be black: they may emit a form of radiation that will eventually cause them to evaporate. (Black Hole Encyclopedia yr. 1974) this type of radiation was coined as hawking radiation, for it stated that when hawking particles were near the event horizon, the negatively charged side would fall in while the positive flew out, making the firewall paradox. (Black hole Encyclopedia) The problem with the black hole is the understanding of where does the information go after itÃ¢â¬â¢s eaten, thus, the information paradox. The firewall paradox is one of the two that should happen, but donÃ¢â¬â¢t. The process of the firewall is when aShow MoreRelatedUnderstanding Black Holes Essay1929 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesUnderstanding Black Holes A Black hole is a theorized celestial body whose surface gravity is so strong that nothing, including light, can escape from within its surface. Gravity is the key to a black holes immense power. The black holes strong gravity keeps captured material from escaping. For example, if Earth were the same mass it is now but had only one-fourth its present radius, the escape velocity of someone standing on its surface would be twice whatRead MoreEssay about Understanding Black Holes2354 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThroughout the modern era of astronomy, a single type of celestial object has puzzled astronomers more than any other. Black holes, whose existence was only verified in the early 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s, have fascinated scientists ever since Einstein first proposed the theoretical concept in the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s. A black hole is an object so tiny, but also so dense, that it has the power to pull planets, stars, and even light into its core, and ultimately destroy everything in its path. Over the past decade much has been discoveredRead MoreBlack Holes: Forces of Gravity Essay1524 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfront of you, even if they might be invisible to the naked eye. Sizable leaps in our understanding about the mechanisms of life and our universe are in the process of being made with scientists believing black holes are the major precipice to these greater understandings. Black holes push and break many mod ern understandings of physics and time with many mysterious qualities. Insuppressible forces of nature, black holes, are a little understood entity in our universe with a strong influence on modernRead MoreEssay about Physics of Black Holes845 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBlack holes - the strange scientific phenomenon that has astounded physicists and astronomers alike for decades. Popular subjects in science fiction novels, black holes are one of the greatest enigmas of the scientific world. Even today, the concept of a super-dense ball of matter that not even light can escape from is somewhat farfetched, and many scientists disagree with each other about nearly every aspect of a black hole. This project will attempt to shed some light on these mysterious formationsRead MoreThe Wonderous Mystery of Black Holes1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestheories helped predict that black holes actually occupy the universe vastly (Wiki authors). Because black holes are virtually invisible to the human ey e, since not even light can escape their clutches, it is hard to understand something that canÃ¢â¬â¢t be seen or even assume it exists. Though the concept of black holes can be traced back to 1795, to Pierre Simon Laplace, who originally proposed the idea. It was Karl Schwarzchild to be the first to start proving black holes exist from the research ofRead MoreThe Violent Development Of Stars1676 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlthough once foreign giants to man, stars live some of the most explosive lives possible. Over billions of years, the violent development of stars from conception to death is one that had perplexed mankind for a while. Though as we formed a better understanding of how they develop, humans have learned that these stellar orbs directly influence the formation of, or death of objects in the universe. Stars are phenomenal objects in our universe that are instrumental to its development. These celestial bodiesRead MoreEssay on Black Holes1241 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Black holes are one of the many things in the universe that scientists still have a muddy understanding about. However, with the incredible advances of technology, we are able to understand more than what we have in the past. Today, the only way to observe these incredible objects are by looking for radiation from the gas surrounding it. What are they? Black holes are no more than a Ã ³dead star.Ã ² A star that is considered Ã ³aliveÃ ² would be our sun. The sun still produces energy by converting hydrogenRead MoreThe Idea Of Black Holes1913 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesone of the most misunderstood phenomena in space are black holes. According to NASA, a black hole is a place in space where gravity pulls so much that even light can not get out. They are packed full of more mass, which is the amount of matter in space, in an area as little as an atom or as large as a big city (Dunbar). Black holes stem from many theories all combined to explain the ever growing universe and its formation. The idea of black holes was first proposed and inspired by Albert EinsteinÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreEssay on Black Holes3683 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesBlack Holes Black holes are objects so dense that not even light can escape their gravity, and since nothing can travel faster than light, nothing can escape from inside a black hole. Loosely speaking, a black hole is a region of space that has so much mass concentrated in it that there is no way for a nearby object to escape its gravitational pull. Since our best theory of gravity at the moment is Einsteins general theory of relativity, we have to delve into some results of this theory to understandRead MoreStephen William Hawking : Stephen Hawking1379 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTheory of Black Holes Our original understanding of black holes, according to Einstein s generally theory of relativity, is that everything that crosses the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is lost forever. Even light can t escape its clutches, which is why black holes are called black holes. But then in the 1970s, Hawking proposed that radiation actually can escape from a black hole, because of the laws of quantum mechanics. Put very simply, he suggested that when a black hole swallows
Sunday, April 26, 2020
One Art by Elizabeth Bishop is a villanelle poem. A villanelle poem is a nineteen line poem that consists of five, three-line stanza followed by a quatrain. BishopÃ¢â¬â¢s poem brings a fascinating irony between different levels of losses. Between each stanza, the development of trivial losses escalates into a bigger and traumatic loss that was unprepared for. An intense repetition of the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"the art of losing isnÃ¢â¬â¢t hard to masterÃ¢â¬ suggests a few given things (Bishop 1499). She attempts to bring out the fact that Ã¢â¬Å"losingÃ¢â¬ is a type of skill that you can gain by overcoming. Therefore, by mastering it, you have the ultimate control. Throughout the poem, the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"art of losingÃ¢â¬ has been used to emphasize the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s effect on how Ã¢â¬Å"it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t hard to master,Ã¢â¬ which suggests Ã¢â¬Å" that the speaker is trying to convince herself that losing things is not hard and she should not worryÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Essay Interpreting one Art By Elizabeth Bishop Page 1 of 2). We will write a custom essay sample on One Art or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In fact, the Ã¢â¬Å"art of losingÃ¢â¬ takes an increasingly significant role all throughout the poem. Each stanza represents what she loss and the level of the loss. Ã¢â¬ Language and verse form show in Ã¢â¬Å"One Art how the losses increase in importance as the poem progresses, with the losses in lines 1-15 being mostly trivial or not very important to the great loss in lines 16-19 or a beloved personÃ¢â¬ (Page 2 of 2). From the beginning of the poem, her losses began to be trivial such as Ã¢â¬Å"lost door keys, the hourly bad spentÃ¢â¬ (Bishop 1499). Bishop used Ã¢â¬Å"second person. Ã¢â¬Å"Lose something every day. Ã¢â¬ seems to command one to practice the art of losing thingsÃ¢â¬ (Page 1 of 2). Towards the last three stanzas, the second person point of view was shifted to first person point of view after a few references to herself using the subject Ã¢â¬Å"I. Ã¢â¬ Bishop also suggests how you can practice to perform this type of art by using illustrations of progressive losses from trivial to more significant losses throughout the poem. Ã¢â¬Å"Four times, the narrator asserts that there these losses are Ã¢â¬Å"no disaster. Thus, the central thesis of this poem is that over time, one may learn to cope with loss, even with the loss of those we loveÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Elizabeth BishopÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"One ArtÃ¢â¬ Page 1 of 2). By using different claims of losses, Bishop was able to suggest a statement following certain types of solutions to deal with the loss. For example, the first stanza, including throughout the poem, in cluded the fiercely used phrase that Ã¢â¬Å"the art of losing isnÃ¢â¬â¢t hard to masterÃ¢â¬ (Bishop 1499). In the second stanza, it provides the answer to the conflict of trying to master the art of losing by Ã¢â¬Å"losing something every day. Accept the fluster of lost door keys, the hourly bad spentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ With this said, Bishop suggests to readers that by Ã¢â¬Å"practicing losing farther, losing faster,Ã¢â¬ the readers will be able to achieve their goal: to master the art of losing (1499). Ã¢â¬Å"As we do so, we will recognize that these daily losses truly are no significantÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Elizabeth BishopÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"One ArtÃ¢â¬ Page 1 of 2). When Bishop adds reference to herself in the poem, the transition from the more trivial day-to-day losses is nothing compared to her own specific incidents. Her incidents include Ã¢â¬Å"lost of her motherÃ¢â¬â¢s watch,Ã¢â¬ ¦/Ã¢â¬ ¦next-to-last, of three loved houses went. /Ã¢â¬ ¦lost two cities, lovely ones. And, vaster,/ some realms I owned, two rivers, a continentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Bishop 1499). The bigger loss suggested in this poem was Ã¢â¬Å"-Even losing youÃ¢â¬ (1499). The Webster definition of losing is: resulting in or likely to result in defeat, or marked by many losses or more losses than wins. In the beginning of this poem, losing is defined as the misplacement of an item; therefore, resulting in not being able to locate the item again. For instance, the lost door keys were a misplaced item. But, as the poem progresses, the items being lost are getting bigger and more significant. The level of losing is definitely becoming more defining and more coping. Ã¢â¬Å"Places, and names, and where it was you meant/ to travel I lost my motherÃ¢â¬â¢s watch. And look! my last, or/next-to last, of three loved houses wentÃ¢â¬ ¦I lost two cities, lovely ones. And, vaster,/ some realms I owned, two rivers, a continent/Ã¢â¬ ¦it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a disasterÃ¢â¬ (Bishop 1499). The combination of stanza 4 and 5 give a couple of suggestions. First, the poem progressed from the smaller things that should not have been of concern to larger things that start to matter. Ã¢â¬Å"But by stanza four, a slightly different meaning of Ã¢â¬Å"losingÃ¢â¬ creeps into the poemÃ¢â¬âthat is, Ã¢â¬Å"losingÃ¢â¬ as Ã¢â¬Å"coping with lossÃ¢â¬ ¦The narrator apparently manages to copeÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Elizabeth BishopÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"One ArtÃ¢â¬ Page 2 of 2). In this poem, the attitude that the speaker conveys in each stanza seems to fluctuate as the losses get greater. With her uses of punctuation and Ã¢â¬Å"courageous pretense built into this poem,Ã¢â¬ it seems as though Bishop tries to convey a Ã¢â¬Å"wry, funny, and flippant and very determined not to sound weepy- eyedÃ¢â¬ type of attitude (Krishnan Page 1 of 3). The trivial matters suggested in the beginning of the poem donÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to cause a big affect on the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude. Towards the end, the poem conveyed a sense of how the speaker was feeling by using Ã¢â¬Å"the joking voice, a gesture I loveÃ¢â¬ (Bishop 1499). With this Ã¢â¬Å"joking voice,Ã¢â¬ she was able to yet again point out that Ã¢â¬Å"the art of losingÃ¢â¬â¢s not too hard to masterÃ¢â¬ (1499). With this repetitive type of suggestion, it is almost as if Ã¢â¬Å"this phrase turns it into an incantation, warding off potential feelings of lossÃ¢â¬ (Elizabeth Bishops One ArtÃ¢â¬ Page 2 of 2). This poem uses an abundant amount of literary devices especially hyperboles and irony. One Art is a very ironic villanelle poem. The phrase Ã¢â¬Å"losing is an artÃ¢â¬ might suggest that her attempt of persuading herself and readers that internal pain can be evaded; even if the predictable, and most catastrophic, losses that happen in our lives does not have to be a disaster; or could it be an excuse? One Art free essay sample A villanelle poem is a nineteen line poem that consists of five, three-line stanza followed by a quatrain. BishopÃ¢â¬â¢s poem brings a fascinating irony between different levels of losses. Between each stanza, the development of trivial losses escalates into a bigger and traumatic loss that was unprepared for. An intense repetition of the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"the art of losing isnÃ¢â¬â¢t hard to masterÃ¢â¬ suggests a few given things (Bishop 1499). She attempts to bring out the fact that Ã¢â¬Å"losingÃ¢â¬ is a type of skill that you can gain by overcoming. Therefore, by mastering it, you have the ultimate control. Throughout the poem, the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"art of losingÃ¢â¬ has been used to emphasize the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s effect on how Ã¢â¬Å"it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t hard to master,Ã¢â¬ which suggests Ã¢â¬Å" that the speaker is trying to convince herself that losing things is not hard and she should not worryÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Essay Interpreting one Art By Elizabeth Bishop Page 1 of 2). We will write a custom essay sample on One Art or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In fact, the Ã¢â¬Å"art of losingÃ¢â¬ takes an increasingly significant role all throughout the poem. Each stanza represents what she loss and the level of the loss. Ã¢â¬ Language and verse form show in Ã¢â¬Å"One Art how the losses increase in importance as the poem progresses, with the losses in lines 1-15 being mostly trivial or not very important to the great loss in lines 16-19 or a beloved personÃ¢â¬ (Page 2 of 2). From the beginning of the poem, her losses began to be trivial such as Ã¢â¬Å"lost door keys, the hourly bad spentÃ¢â¬ (Bishop 1499). Bishop used Ã¢â¬Å"second person. Ã¢â¬Å"Lose something every day. Ã¢â¬ seems to command one to practice the art of losing thingsÃ¢â¬ (Page 1 of 2). Towards the last three stanzas, the second person point of view was shifted to first person point of view after a few references to herself using the subject Ã¢â¬Å"I. Ã¢â¬ Bishop also suggests how you can practice to perform this type of art by using illustrations of progressive losses from trivial to more significant losses throughout the poem. Ã¢â¬Å"Four times, the narrator asserts that there these losses are Ã¢â¬Å"no disaster. Thus, the central thesis of this poem is that over time, one may learn to cope with loss, even with the loss of those we loveÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Elizabeth BishopÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"One ArtÃ¢â¬ Page 1 of 2). By using different claims of losses, Bishop was able to suggest a statement following certain types of solutions to deal with the loss. For example, the first stanza, including throughout the poem, included the fiercely used phrase that Ã¢â¬Å"the art of losing isnÃ¢â¬â¢t hard to masterÃ¢â¬ (Bishop 1499). In the second stanza, it provides the answer to the conflict of trying to master the art of losing by Ã¢â¬Å"losing something every day. Accept the fluster of lost door keys, the hourly bad spentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ With this said, Bishop suggests to readers that by Ã¢â¬Å"practicing losing farther, losing faster,Ã¢â¬ the readers will be able to achieve their goal: to master the art of losing (1499). Ã¢â¬Å"As we do so, we will recognize that these daily losses truly are no signifi cantÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Elizabeth BishopÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"One ArtÃ¢â¬ Page 1 of 2). When Bishop adds reference to herself in the poem, the transition from the more trivial day-to-day losses is nothing compared to her own specific incidents. Her incidents include Ã¢â¬Å"lost of her motherÃ¢â¬â¢s watch,Ã¢â¬ ¦/Ã¢â¬ ¦next-to-last, of three loved houses went. /Ã¢â¬ ¦lost two cities, lovely ones. And, vaster,/ some realms I owned, two rivers, a continentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Bishop 1499). The bigger loss suggested in this poem was Ã¢â¬Å"-Even losing youÃ¢â¬ (1499). The Webster definition of losing is: resulting in or likely to result in defeat, or marked by many losses or more losses than wins. In the beginning of this poem, losing is defined as the misplacement of an item; therefore, resulting in not being able to locate the item again. For instance, the lost door keys were a misplaced item. But, as the poem progresses, the items being lost are getting bigger and more significant. The level of losing is definitely becoming more defining and more coping. Ã¢â¬Å"Places, and names, and where it was you meant/ to travel I lost my motherÃ¢â¬â¢s watch. And look! my last, or/next-to last, of three loved houses wentÃ¢â¬ ¦I lost two cities, lovely ones. And, vaster,/ some realms I owned, two rivers, a continent/Ã¢â¬ ¦it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a disasterÃ¢â¬ (Bishop 1499). The combination of stanza 4 and 5 give a couple of suggestions. First, the poem progressed from the smaller things that should not have been of concern to larger things that start to matter. Ã¢â¬Å"But by stanza four, a slightly different meaning of Ã¢â¬Å"losingÃ¢â¬ creeps into the poemÃ¢â¬âthat is, Ã¢â¬Å"losingÃ¢â¬ as Ã¢â¬Å"coping with lossÃ¢â¬ ¦The narrator apparently manages to copeÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Elizabeth BishopÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"One ArtÃ¢â¬ Page 2 of 2). In this poem, the attitude that the speaker conveys in each stanza seems to fluctuate as the losses get greater. With her uses of punctuation and Ã¢â¬Å"courageous pretense built into this poem,Ã¢â¬ it seems as though Bishop tries to convey a Ã¢â¬Å"wry, funny, and flippant and very determined not to sound weepy- eyedÃ¢â¬ type of attitude (Krishnan Page 1 of 3). The trivial matters suggested in the beginning of the poem donÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to cause a big affect on the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude. Towards the end, the poem conveyed a sense of how the speaker was feeling by using Ã¢â¬Å"the joking voice, a gesture I loveÃ¢â¬ (Bishop 1499). With this Ã¢â¬Å"joking voice,Ã¢â¬ she was able to yet again point out that Ã¢â¬Å"the art of losingÃ¢â¬â¢s not too hard to masterÃ¢â¬ (1499). With this repetitive type of suggestion, it is almost as if Ã¢â¬Å"this phrase turns it into an incantation, warding off potential feelings of lossÃ¢â¬ (Elizabeth Bishops One ArtÃ¢â¬ Page 2 of 2). This poem uses an abundant amount of literary devices especially hyperboles and irony. One Art is a very ironic villanelle poem. The phrase Ã¢â¬Å"losing is an artÃ¢â¬ might suggest that her attempt of persuading herself and readers that internal pain can be evaded; even if the predictable, and most catastrophic, losses that happen in our lives does not have to be a disaster; or could it be an excuse? (Schmeer Page 1 of 3). The hedging in the narrators phrases parallels hedging throughout this poem, a poem whose very existence denies what its lines seem to want to claim: the art of losing is hard to master, especially when that art refers to coping with the loss of someone we love, someone who goes away, someone whose going away is a disasterÃ¢â¬ .
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Library Management System Essays Library Management System Essay Library Management System Essay Library is an important part of the academic sector as well as some professional sectors too like, Advocacy etc. The efficiency of a library lies in the fact how it is arranged and how easily one can get the books of their choice. Generally, what we see nowadays is the manual library management system whose process of operation is very much hectic. What we are doing is that we are proposing a computerised library management system, which would provide better and efficient service to the library members. Brief outline of the application:- 1. Purpose: This software is meant to transform the hectic manual system to a more efficient computerised system. 2. Scope: This application can be used efficiently in educational institutes and certain professional sectors also. 3. Assumptions: This application assumes that the user doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t possess the right to modify information about books. 4. Technology Used: Visual Studio 6(for form designing). Presently, a manual system for managing the library is employed almost everywhere. What exactly is done here is that the persons who like to get the benefits of the library have to fill the membership form and then they are provided with a Identity Card. Members have to bring their Identity card each time they want to borrow a book to home or they want to read the book in the library itself. In this process each transaction are to be noted down in the specified registers and then signed by the member and the library attendant. Drawbacks of the Present System:- Some of the problems being faced in manual system are as Follows:- 1. Fast report generation is not possible. 2. Tracing a book is difficult. 3. Information about issue/return of the books is not properly maintained. 4. No central database can be created as information is not available in the database. The proposed system aims at transforming the manual system into a computerised one. The benefits of the computerised Ã¢â¬Å"Library Management SystemÃ¢â¬ are : 1. Planned approach towards working: -The working in the organization will be well planned and organized. The data will be stored properly in data stores, which will help in retrieval of information as well as its storage. 2. Accuracy: -The level of accuracy in the proposed system will be higher. All operation would be done correctly and it ensures that whatever information is coming from the centre is accurate. 3. Reliability: -The reliability of the proposed system will be high due to the above stated reasons. The reason for the increased reliability of the system is that now there would be proper storage of information. . No Redundancy: -In the proposed system utmost care would be that no information is repeated anywhere, in storage or otherwise. This would assure economic use of storage space and consistency in the data stored. 5. Immediate retrieval of information:- In manual system there are many problems to retrieve large amount of information. In this system retrieval is very fa st. 6. Easy to operate: -The system should be easy to operate and should be such that it can be developed within a short period of time and fit in the limited budget of the user. Depending on the results of the initial investigation the survey is now expanded to a more detailed feasibility study. It is a test of system proposal according to its workability, impact of the organization, ability to meet needs and effective use of the resources. It focuses on these major questions:- 1. What are the user needs and how does our system meet that? 2. What and how much resources are being needed for the proposed system? 3. What are the likely impacts of the proposed system? 4. Whether the proposed system solves the present problem? Steps in feasibility analysis:- Eight steps involved in the feasibility analysis are:- . Form a Project team and appoint a Project leader. 2. Prepare system flowcharts. 3. Enumerate potential proposed system. 4. Define and identify characteristics of the proposed system. 5. Determine and evaluate performance and cost effectiveness of the proposed system. 6. Weigh system performance. 7. Prepare the final report and present to the management. 1. Technical Feasibility:- It is the study of resource availability that may affect the ability to achieve an acceptable system. This evaluation determines whether the technology needed for the proposed system is available or not. It decides whether the work for the project be done with current equipments and existing technology. It is thus associated with specifying equipments and software that will successfully satisfy the consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s requirement. The technical needs of the system may include:- Front end and back end selection:- An important issue for the development of a project is the selection of suitable front-end and back-end. When we decide to develop the project we go through an extensive study to determine the most suitable platform that suits the needs of the consumer as well as helps in development of the project. The aspects of our study include the following factors:- Front end selection:- 1. It must have a graphical user interface that assists persons not from the computer background. 2. Scalability and Extendibility. 3. Flexibility. 4. Robustness. 5. It must be according to the customerÃ¢â¬â¢s requirement and culture. 6. It should have an independent platform. 7. It should be easy to debug and maintain. 8. Front end must support some possible back ends such as MS Access. Back end selection:- 1. Multiple user support 2. Efficient data handling 3. Provide inherent features for security. . Efficient data retrieval and maintenance 5. Store procedures 6. Popularity 7. Compatibility with OS 8. Easy to install 9. Various drivers must be available. 10. Easy to implant with the front end. The technical feasibility is frequently the most difficult area encountered at this stage. It is essential that the process of analysis and definition be conducted in parallel with an assessment to technical fea sibility. It centres on the existing computer system (hardware, software etc. ) and to what extent it can support the proposed system. 2. Economic Feasibility:- Economic justification is generally the Ã¢â¬Å"Bottom LineÃ¢â¬ consideration for most systems. Economic justification includes a broad range of concerns that includes cost benefit analysis. In this we weigh the cost and the benefits associated with the proposed system and if it suits the basic purpose of the organization i. e. profit making, the project is making to the analysis and design phase. The financial and the economic questions during the preliminary investigation are verified to estimate the following:- 1. The cost to conduct a full system investigation. 2. The cost of hardware and the software for the application being considered. 3. The benefits in the terms of reduced cost. 4. The proposed system will give the minute information, as a result the performance is increased which in turn may be expected to provide extra economic benefits. 5. It checks whether the application can be developed with the available funds. The Library Management System does not require enormous amount of money to be developed. It can be developed economically if planned judicially. The cost of project depends on the number of man-hours required. 3. Operational Feasibility:- It is mainly related to human organizations and political aspects. The points to be considered are:- 1. What changes will be brought with the system? 2. What organization structures will be disturbed? 3. What new skills will be required? Do the existing technicians have the skills? If not, can they be trained in due course of time? Our system is economically feasible as it is very easy for the customers to use it. They just need how to work on the windows platform. 4. Schedule Feasibility:- Time evaluation is the most important consideration in the development of project. The time schedule required for the developed of this project is very important since more development time effect machine time, cost and cause delay in the development of other systems. A reliable Library Management System can be developed in the considerable amount of time. Before starting to design a software product, it is extremely important to understand and document the exact requirements of the customer. In the past many projects have suffered because the developers started implementing something without determining whether they were building what the customers exactly wanted. The primary goal of the requirement analysis and specification phase is to clearly understand the customer requirements and to systematically organize the requirements into a specification document. The SRS document is the final outcome of the requirements analysis and specification phase. Generally requirement gathering consists of the following phases:- 1. Studying the existing documentation: The analyst usually studies all existing documents regarding the system to be developed before visiting the customer site. Typically these documents pertain to issues such as the context, the basic purpose, the stakeholders, etc. . Interview: Typically there are many different categories of users of software. All the different categories of users are interviewed to gather the different functionalities required by them. Based on the interview the document is made. 3. Task Analysis: -The users usually view software as a black box that provides a set of service. A service is also known as a tas k. For each identified task, the analyst tries to formulate the different steps necessary to realize the service in consultation with the users. 4. Scenario Analysis: A task can have many scenarios of operation. The different scenarios of a task can occur when the task is invoked under different situations. For different types of scenarios of a task, the behaviour of the system can be different. 5. Form analysis: The different forms are analyzed to determine the data input to the system and the data that are output from the system. For the different data input to the system, how these are used by the system to produce the corresponding output data are determined from the users. Characteristics of a good SRS document: The skill of writing a good SRS document usually comes from the experience gained from writing SRS documents for many problems. However the analyst should be aware of the desired qualities that every good SRS document should possess. Some of the identified desired qualities of the SRS documents are the following: 1. Concise: -The SRS document should be concise and at the same time unambiguous, consistent, and complete. Verbose and irrelevant descriptions reduce readability and also increase error possibilities. 2. Structured:- A good SRS document should be well structured which is easy to understand and modify. In practice, the SRS document undergoes several revisions to cope up with the customer requirements. Thus it is important that it is well structured. 3. Traceable: It should be possible to trace a specific requirement to the design elements that implement it and vice versa. Similarly, it should be possible to trace a requirement to the code segments that implement it and the test cases that test this requirement and vice versa. Traceability is important to verify the results of a phase with the previous phase, to analyze the impact of a change, etc. 4. Response to undesired events: It should characterize acceptable responses to undesired events. These are called system response to exceptional conditions. . Verifiable: All requirements of the system as documented in the SRS document should be verifiable. This means that it should be possible to determine whether or not requirements have been met in an implementation. Any feature of the required system that is not verifiable should be listed separately in the goals of the implementation section of the SRS document. Project Requirem ents:- 1. User Requirements:- Every user should be: Comfortable with working of a computer. He must have knowledge of library. He must also have basic knowledge of English. 2. Hardware Requirements: Processor: -Pentium II, Pentium III, Pentium IV or higher RAM : -64 Mb or Higher 130 Mb 3. Software Requirements: Operating System: -Win-98, Win-XP, Linux or any other higher version Database: -Ms Access It is clear that the physical objects from the previous section the member, books, library Ã¢â¬â correspond to entities in the entity relationship model and the operations to be done on those entities holds, checkouts, and so on Ã¢â¬â correspond to relationships. However, a good design will minimize redundancy and attempt to store all the required information in as small a space as possible. This application can be easily implemented under various situations. We can add new features as and when we require. Reusability is possible as and when require in this application. There is flexibility in all the modules. Extensibility: This software is extendable in ways that its original developers may not expect. The following principles enhance extensibility like hide data structure, avoid traversing multiple links or methods, avoid case statements on object type and distinguish public and private operations. Reusability: -Reusability is possible as and when require in this application. We can update it next version. Reusable software reduces design, coding and testing cost by amortizing effort over several designs. Reducing the amount of code also simplifies understanding, which increases the likelihood that the code is correct. We follow up both types of reusability: Sharing of newly written code within a project and reuse of previously written code on new projects. Understand ability: -A method is understandable if someone other than the creator of the method can understand the code (as well as the creator after a time lapse). We use the method, which small and coherent helps to accomplish this. Cost Effectiveness: -Its cost is under the budget and make within given time period. It is desirable to aim for a system with a minimum cost subject to the condition that it must satisfy the entire requirement. After we have completed the project we are sure the problems in the existing system would overcome. The Ã¢â¬Å"LIBRARY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMÃ¢â¬ process is made computerized to reduce human errors and to increase the efficiency. The main focus of this project is to lessen human efforts. The maintenance of the records is made efficient, as all the records are stored in the ACCESS database, through which data can be retrieved easily. The navigation control is provided in all the forms to navigate through the large amount of records. If the numbers of records are very large then user has to just type in the search string and user gets the results immediately. The editing is also made simpler. The user has to just type in the required field and press the update button to update the desired field. The Books and Students are given a particular unique id no. So that they can be accessed correctly and without errors. Our main aim of the project is to get the correct information about a particular student and books available in the library. The problems, which existed in the earlier system, have been removed to a large extent. And it is expected that this project will go a long way in satisfying userÃ¢â¬â¢s requirements. The computerization of the Library Management will not only improves the efficiency but will also reduce human stress thereby indirectly improving human recourses Books: 1. Fundamentals of Software Engineering by Rajib Mall(PHI) 2. Black Book of Visual Basic 3. Visual Basic by Tata McGraw Hill(TMH) Web Sites: 1. www. apache. org 2. www. wikipedia. com 3. www. iisjaipur. org
Monday, March 2, 2020
How Educators Can Use Google Classroom Google ClassroomÃ is one of Google for Educations newest products and it has received rave reviews from many educators. It is a learning management system that allows you to digitally create and manage assignments as well as to provide feedback to your students. Google Classroom works particularly withÃ Google Apps for Education, a suite of productivity tools (Drive, Docs, Gmail, etc) that you may already use in your school.Ã¢â¬â¹ Google Classroom is beneficial for both novice and advanced users of Google Apps for Education. It is has a simple, easy-to-navigate interface that appeals to many teachers. If you are already pretty adept at using Docs and Google Drive folders to manage student work, you may be surprised to find that Google Classroom makes this process even easier for you. Google Classroom has evolved considerably since its debut last summer. New features seem to be added all the time, so stay tuned for future improvements! View this short introductory videoÃ from Google and this presentationÃ by Heather Breedlove in order to familiarize yourself with Google Classroom. Important Links for Future Reference Here are four links that youll want to keep handy for future reference: Google Classroom on the WebGoogle Classroom iPad AppGoogle Classroom Help CenterGoogle Classroom Training Materials Step 1: Log in to Google Classroom Ã Go toÃ https://classroom.google.com/. Make sure you are logged in with your Google Apps for Education account. If you are using your personal Google account or are at a schoolÃ that does not use GAFE, you will not be able to use Classroom.You should see your Google Classroom Home. Below is a picture of my homepage with annotations to explain different features.Click on the sign to create your first class. Create one for an existing class or a practice one for purposes of this tutorial. Step 2: Create a Class Do the following practice activities. Notice that there are three tabs in a class: Stream, Students, and About. These support materials will help you with this step.Ã Select the About tab. Fill in basic information about your class. Notice that there is a folder in YOUR Google Drive that will contain files related to this class.Click on the Students tab and add a student or two (perhaps a colleague who will serve as a guinea pig for this experiment). Make sure to indicate what permissions you want these students to have in relation to posting and commenting.And/or, give the class code posted in the Ã Student tab to a student or colleague for practice. This code is also available on your Stream tab.Go to your Stream tab. Share an announcement with your class. Notice how you can attach a file, a document from Google Drive, a YouTube video or a link to another resource.Staying in your Stream tab, create a mock assignment for this class. Fill in the title, description, and give it a due date. Attach any resources and assign the assignment to students enrolled in this class. Step 3: Monitor Student AssignmentsÃ Here is information on grading and returning assignments.Ã On your Stream tab, you should now see your assignments in the left-hand corner under the heading Upcoming Assignments. Click on one of your assignments.This will lead to a page where you can see students status in terms of work completion. This is called the student work page. For an assignment to have been marked complete, the student will need to turn it into their Google Classroom account.Note that you can assign grades and points. Click on a student and you can send them a private comment.If you check the box next to a students name, you can email the student or students.If a student has submitted work, you can then grade it and return it to the student.To see all student work at the same time, you need to click Folder at the top of the Student Work page. This Folder link will be grayed out until students have turned in work. Step 4: Try Classroom From the Student Perspective Specific student help is available here.Ã Ask a colleague to invite you to their practice class and to create an assignment for that class.Pretend to turn in the assignment.Have your colleague grade this assignment and return it to you. Step 5:Ã Consider Creative Uses of Google Classroom How could we use Google Classroom in innovative ways?Ã To house professional development materials.To deliver digital citizenship curriculum.To manage departmental activities, meetings, and projects. Step 6:Ã Download the iPad App and Repeat the Previous Activities How does the Google Classroom experience on the iPad differs from the web experience? Any features that are unique to the app perspective? Discuss your findings with your colleagues and share your preferred method of using Google Classroom.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Federal Contracting Activities and Contract Types - Assignment Example This centre has twenty five functional operatories, fourteen operational digital x-ray units, a training and technology centre, and specialty displays. The centre provides dentists with an opportunity to test the equipment before purchase. The company has employed around four hundred sales agents across the country, who serve their over thirty thousand customers. In addition, the company employs two hundred and sixty five factory-trained technicians to ensure that the best services are offered to the customers. The corporation has been selected seven times as one of the most excellent companies to work in PA program. The company, which is family owned, is currently managed by this familyÃ¢â¬â¢s third generation. The company was recently awarded a federal contract worth 31,346,173 (Dentistry, 2012). The contract was awarded by the Philadelphia defense logistics agency troop support. The company is expected to supply the US army, air force, navy, and Marine Corps in Philadelphia with general dental supplies. These supplies include dental products, dental consulting, services, and equipments that the defense forces require in their hospitals, camps, and missions out of the country. These supplies were expected to assist the defense logistics agency to provide the best value service/products to its employees. By awarding this contract to Benco Dental, the Philadelphia defense department had an assurance that the company would deliver. Since the company is a major distribution of dental supplies, it had the capability and the means to supply the defense forces with all the required supplies. The company was awarded a firm fixed price type of contract by the defense department. This particular type of contract was preferred, because the government had limited budget that it allocated to contractors for a specific period of time. The federal